Visible Learning and the Science of How We Learn
On publication in 2009 John Hattie’s Visible Learning presented the biggest ever collection of research into what actually work in schools to improve children’s learning. Not what was fashionable, not what political and educational vested interests wanted to champion, but what actually produced the best results in terms of improving learning and educational outcomes. It became an instant bestseller and was described by the TES as revealing education’s ‘holy grail’.
In this book, John Hattie has joined forces with cognitive psychologist Greg Yates to build on the original data and legacy of the Visible Learning project, showing how it’s underlying ideas and the cutting edge of cognitive science can form a powerful and complimentary framework for shaping learning in the classroom and beyond.
Visible Learning and the Science of How We Learn explains the major principles and strategies of learning, outlining why it can be so hard sometimes, and yet easy on other occasions. Aimed at teachers and students, it is written in an accessible and engaging style and can be read cover to cover, or used on a chapter-by-chapter basis for essay writing or staff development.
The bookis structured in three parts – ‘learning within classrooms’, ‘learning foundations’, which explains the cognitive building blocks of knowledge acquisition and ‘know thyself’ which explores, confidence and self-knowledge. It also features extensive interactive appendices containing study guide questions to encourage critical thinking, annotated bibliographic entries with recommendations for further reading, links to relevant websites and YouTube clips. Throughout, the authors draw upon the latest international research into how the learning process works and how to maximise impact on students, covering such topics as:
- Teacher personality;
- Expertise and teacher-student relationships;
- How knowledge is stored and the impact of cognitive load;
- Thinking fast and thinking slow;
- The psychology of self-control;
- The role of conversation at school and at home;
- Invisible gorillas and the IKEA effect;
- Digital native theory;
- Myths and fallacies about how people learn.
This fascinating book is aimed at any student, teacher or parent requiring an up-to-date commentary on how research into human learning processes can inform our teaching and what goes on in our schools. It takes a broad sweep through findings stemming mainly from social and cognitive psychology and presents them in a useable format for students and teachers at all levels, from preschool to tertiary training institutes.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
- Why don’t students like learning at school? The Willingham Thesis.
- Is knowledge an obstacle to teaching?
- The teacher-student relationship.
- Your personality as teacher: Can your students trust you?
- Time as a global indicator of classroom learning.
- The recitation and the nature of classroom learning.
- Teaching for automaticity in basic academic skill.
- The role of feedback.
- Acquiring complex skills though social modelling and explicit teaching.
- Just what does expertise look like?
- Just how does expertise develop?
- Expertise in the domain of classroom teaching.
- How knowledge is acquired
- How knowledge is stored in the mind.
- Does learning need to be conscious? What is the hidden role of gesture?
- The impact of cognitive loa
- Your memory and how it develops
- Mnemonics as sport, art, and instructional tools.
- Analysing your students’ style of learning.
- Multitasking: A widely held fallacy.
- Your students are digital natives. Or are they?
- Is the Internet turning us into shallow thinkers?
- How does music affect learning?
- Confidence and its three hidden levels.
- Self-enhancement and the dumb-and-dumber effect.
- Achieving self-control.
- Neuroscience of the smile: A fundamental tool in teaching.
- The surprising advantages of being a social chameleon.
- Invisible gorillas, inattentional blindness, and paying attention
- Thinking fast and thinking slow - your debt to the inner robot.
- IKEA, effort, and valuing.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS:
John Hattie is Professor and Director of the Melbourne Education Research Institute at the University of Melbourne, Australia and chair of the Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership. He is the author of Visible Learning, Visible Learning for Teachers, and Visible Learning and the Science of How We Learn, and co-editor of the International Guide to Student Achievement.
Gregory C. R. Yates is a Senior Lecturer in Education at the University of South Australia. He is on the editorial board of Educational Psychology and has contributed a number of papers in the area of cognitive information processing and social learning theory.
[Authors: John Hattie & Gregory C. R. Yates]
[Published: September 2013]
[Extent: 350 Pages]
[Age Suitability: All]